SCOPE AND CRITERIA FOR PUBLICATION Plant & Cell Physiology (PCP) is an international journal that publishes high quality, original articles reporting significant findings in broad aspects of plant biology, including but not restricted to: physiology, biochemistry, biophysics, chemistry, molecular genetics, epigenetics, and biotechnology, as well as plant-microbe interactions and the biology of photosynthetic microorganisms. PCP is the official journal of the Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists (JSPP), and as such welcomes submissions from society members as well as non-members.

Manuscripts that contain new and significant findings in any plant science-related field are welcome with the understanding that the contents have not been published elsewhere.

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The criteria for manuscript acceptance are originality, significance to plant sciences, validity of experimental design and reliability of results 2 May 2007 - Lead for Physiological Measurement, Department of Health. Physiological new emphasis to the range of skills needed across the in order to deliver 18 week pathways. The or in reporting and interpreting). In some..

The journal will not accept manuscripts that contain purely confirmatory data or descriptive findings reporting the purification of proteins, the cloning of genes, the isolation of new mutants, or microarray data without the inclusion of substantial data related to structural, functional or evolutionary aspects.

Manuscripts that do not meet the appropriate criteria will be rejected without review. Authors are advised to browse recent published issues to see whether their manuscript falls within the scope of the journal, or direct any pre-submission enquiries to the editorial office.

ARTICLE TYPES Regular Paper – a full-length research article containing new and significant findings that represent an incremental advance in the related field of plant sciences. Rapid Paper – similar to a regular paper but should contain new findings of exceptional interest and novelty, which require rapid review (under 14 days to first decision) and publication (Rapid Papers are usually printed in an issue within 40 days of acceptance).

Authors are expected to prepare manuscripts according to the instructions given below to eliminate any errors and delays during peer-review. Rapid Paper authors must state their reasons for submitting a ‘rapid paper’, including an explanation about the broad significance of the work and why it necessitates quick publication, either in their cover letter or in a separate justification letter.

Mini Review and Review – usually commissioned on an invitation basis, but we occasionally accept non-solicited reviews. Authors interested in submitting a review paper should contact the Editorial Office in the first instance with a short summary of the proposed review and a list of 10 of the most relevant primary research papers published within the last 5 years to discuss.

Mini Reviews are intended to discuss recent trends and findings (ideally within the last 3 years) in a specific research field and should not exceed 5 typeset pages (or 5800 words) with a maximum of 2 figures/tables and 70 references. Reviews are slightly longer (<10,500 words with 4 figures/tables and ~110 references) and should comprehensively discuss recent studies covering various aspects of a related field.

All review authors should bear in mind that they are addressing a mixed audience of specialists and non-specialists. Accordingly, authors should present balanced arguments and provide sufficient background to help understand the review topic, as well as provide their own insight into current/future challenges and research directions.

Database Paper (New or Update) – describes a new plant-oriented database or online tool, or significant updates to an existing one. Authors interested in submitting a Database Paper should now submit their article via the regular online submission site along with an accompanying DB form downloadable from here.

For more details, please refer to our online instructions for database authors. Special Focus Issue (SFI) Article – submission is by invitation or through specific calls for papers.

SFIs feature a selection of reviews and primary research papers on trending topics. More details of past and upcoming issues can be found here.

Letter to the Editor – an opinion piece that discusses or debates findings related to a published article in the journal. Letters should have no more than 1000 words including a simple title, up to 10 references and one consolidated (multi-panelled) figure, but do not contain Abstracts or Materials and Methods.

Authors interested in submitting a ‘Letter’ should contact the editorial office in the first instance. ‘Letters’ will be initially evaluated by the EIC and specialist Editor, and may subsequently be sent to review.

Authors whose work is debated are offered the chance to respond with a rebuttal letter, which is also subject to review. The format for ‘Author Responses’ is similar to that for ‘Letters’.

Meeting Report – submission is pre-arranged with the editorial office. Meeting reports should be no more than ~2000 words including an appropriate title, names and affiliations of the authors, and relevant references.

Reports should detail some of the topics and themes discussed at the meeting within the context of the current literature. They may also include simple figures or models to help explain some of the emerging concepts.

Commentary – pre-agreed by the editorial office and usually on an invitation-only basis. Commentaries should be prepared in a Word file, with approximately 1,500 words including appropriate title, and names and affiliation of the authors (total approx.

They may also include simple figures or models to explain the main conclusions of the work discussed.

POLICIES Authorship All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content and should have made a substantial contribution to its conception and design, execution, analysis and/or data interpretation.

All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript before submission. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors agreed at the outset.

Any changes to an authorship list should be confirmed and approved before the article acceptance stage. Disclosures/Conflicts of Interest Authors are required to disclose competing interests.

A competing interest exists when a primary interest (such as the validity of research) might be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry). Details of how to disclose a conflict of interest can be found in the formatting requirements listed below. Misconduct Misconduct on submitted manuscripts is taken seriously and will lead to immediate rejection.

This includes dual-submission, plagiarism (including self-plagiarism or salami-slicing publication), figure manipulation, duplicate publication and fraudulent data.

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If misconduct is discovered after a manuscript is accepted, the article will be retracted and a note to announce retraction will be published.

Any possible case of misconduct will be dealt with and if it cannot be resolved by discussion with the authors, the case may be reported to the appropriate authorities Of course, before you write up the report you have to research human behavior, section is the list of all the sources cited in the essay (in alphabetical order)..

If, during the course of reviewing an article, an editor is alerted to possible problems such as fraudulent data in another publication, the Editorial Office may contact the journal in which the previous publication appeared to raise the concern. Plant and Cell Physiology is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Cases of research or publication misconduct may also be referred to COPE in an anonymised format. Selected submitted manuscripts are scanned using CrossCheck to detect plagiarism and verify the papers' originality.

Materials Distribution Authors are advised to make integral materials available in public repositories. Authors that publish their work in PCP do so on the premise that they also agree to distribute all published materials (with and without material transfer agreements) described in order to promote science and future research.

PCP together with Plant Physiology, The Plant Cell, The Plant Journal, Plant Molecular Biology, and Journal of Experimental Botany have issued a joint declaration on material transfer (Plant Cell Physiol (2000) 41 (12): i), which authors may refer to for more details. Pre-Prints and Self-Archiving Authors are allowed to deposit pre-prints in community pre-print servers such as , provided that entries are updated to acknowledge that the article has been accepted/published by PCP.

For more details of our self-archiving policy, please click here. Authors should contact the editorial office if they are in any doubt prior to submission.

PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION Before submitting a manuscript, authors should ensure that they understand the journal scope and publication criteria. Papers may be rejected if the work falls outside this remit.

For new submissions only, we now offer authors the option of submitting papers in any journal format and style. Manuscripts should, however, still contain the basic elements comprising an appropriate title, author list, abstract, introduction, results, discussion, materials and methods, and references.

Note that revisions and resubmissions are still required to be carefully prepared according to the formatting guidelines set out below to minimize delays to the peer-review process. Language Writing should be clear and simple, avoiding excessive use of the passive, and written in grammatically correct 'international' scientific English.

Authors whose first language is not English may wish to have their paper language edited before submission, though note that this does not guarantee that a paper will be sent to review or accepted for publication, especially if it does not meet the publication criteria. If the contents of a manuscript are potentially interesting but the paper is too difficult to understand due to poor English, it may be rejected without review and authors advised to revise the text with a professional scientific language service (at their cost) or a native/proficient scientific English speaker before it can be considered again.

If authors are in doubt about the suitability of their paper, they should contact the editorial office. Manuscripts and Tables All manuscript files should be prepared in an editable file using an appropriate word processing package, and saved as .

Headings: main (section) headings A in bold sentence case; sub-headings B in italic sentence case; sub-sub-headings C in italic sentence case with the text continued on the same line. Figures Electronic file formats – All figures must be submitted electronically.

JPG can be used, however the format relies on ‘lossy’ compression: figures can lose quality each time they are opened, shared, or modified.

For this reason we prefer not to receive JPG files.

Figures in EPS, PPT or PDF format should have a top and left white margin to avoid overlap of the figure with line numbers.

The margin is in addition to the height and width measurements given above. Colour figures – Image files should be in CMYK (preferred) or RGB.

Also note that use of red and green colour combinations in images is particularly problematic for approximately 5% of the male population that is colour blind and so should be avoided. Naming convention – Figures should be prepared in an appropriate graphic package and files should be named according to DOS conventions, e.

Figure Requirements Figure labelling – Lettering should be in proportion to the figure.

Use consistently sized upper case type font without parenthesis for labelling figures and diagrams.

Labels should be around 10pt at final print size Your write-up for Bio 450 should be a clear and concise report of the This background information needs to be referenced from a reputable source List the sources you cited in your report, in alphabetical order by the first author's last name..

Helvetica font is preferred for labels, but other font types, such as Times New Roman or Arial, are also acceptable. Combination images (figures with both line work or text and photographic elements) – EPS is preferred.

The requirements are the same as for line work above. File size and resolution – Electronic figure files should be saved at a resolution of at least 300dpi at the final printed size (up to 230mm height; 86mm single and 178mm double column widths) for colour and half-tone figures; and 1200dpi for black and white line drawings.

Photographs – 300dpi TIFF files at desired print size. A single column image would need to be 300dpi and 120mm wide.

A full page image would need to be at 300dpi and 210mm wide. Line work – EPS is preferred as this is vector-based software and allows smaller file sizes.

Figure size requirements still apply – 86mm wide for a single column; 178mm wide for a whole page image. Most graphic software can output to EPS via a 'print to' Postscript or PDF printer.

If this is not possible, then we can accept high-resolution TIFF files – 600dpi at single column/whole page widths. Lower resolutions will cause the text/line element to break up.

25pt and in-fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%.

Supplementary Data Supporting material that is too lengthy or deemed superfluous for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content.

Such information might include the study protocols, more detailed methods, videos, 3-D structures/images, sequence alignments extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures and databases. All supplementary materials for consideration should be uploaded as Supplementary Data together with the manuscript for peer review.

Please indicate clearly the type and number of materials intended as Supplementary Data in the first page of the manuscript upon submission. Also ensure that the Supplementary Data is referred to in the main manuscript.

Supplementary Data should be submitted in a single or multiple separate file(s) separate to the main manuscript file, in its final form. Please note that Supplementary Data will not be edited or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, therefore authors should ensure that these data are clearly and succinctly presented, and that the style of terms conforms to the rest of the paper.

Figures, tables and text should be prepared in PDF, tables in PDF or Excel formats and legends to figures/tables should also be incorporated in the same file. Videos should be prepared in QuickTime Video (mov), MPEG Movie (mpg) or Microsoft AVI Video (avi) format.

Please label these supplementary files as S1, S2, S3, etc.

Database Registration Sequence information and X-ray crystallographic coordinates described in a manuscript must be submitted in electronic form to online repositories, such as GenBank, or to the appropriate database for release no later than the date of publication of the corresponding article in the journal. Include database deposition and/or accession numbers in the manuscript and refer to this in the manuscript footnote.

If microarray data is included in the manuscripts authors are requested to deposit the data in public repository such as GEO, ArrayExpress and CIBEX. Authors are also advised to make integral materials available in public repositories.

Standardization of experimental data Authors should ensure that the appropriate experimental design and statistical analyses are performed to ensure independent verification and to support the correct interpretation of the data and conclusions drawn from the work. Suitable technical, true biological, and/or experimental replicates should be included and any statistical analysis performed should be clearly described.

Figures and tables should also be clearly defined with error bars and degrees of significance, where appropriate. For studies involving various treatments/conditions, replicates should be randomised for each treatment type to avoid bias.

For qRT-PCR experiments, adequate biological replication should be present as explained in the guidelines set out by Rieu and Powers, 2009, Plant Cell 21: 1031-1033. Permission to include others' work Permission to reproduce material within the manuscript must be obtained, in advance of paper acceptance, by the corresponding author.

Authors should refer to the original publisher, who is usually responsible for managing the rights of the original author, and should expect this to take up to six weeks. Once granted, a copy of the approval should be uploaded as a supporting file.

An acknowledgement of the source must be made in the manuscript text. FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS Main document COVER PAGE Title and running head (short title).

Short title must not exceed 50 characters, counting letters and spaces. Give the full title of the manuscript and start each word with a capital letter. Titles should state the main findings or conclusion of the study and should not contain any abbreviations e.

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Indicate the name of the corresponding author(s) in the following format: first name(s) written with initials only, and followed by the last name – e.

Smith; add Department/Division/Unit name, if any/ Affiliation name/ Street address/ City/ Postal code / Country/ Telephone/ Fax/ Email address.

Note that during the online submission process, only the name of one corresponding author can be entered into the system. Select one or two subject areas which are most relevant to the study from (1) growth and development, (2) environmental and stress responses, (3) regulation of gene expression, (4) proteins, enzymes and metabolism, (5) photosynthesis, respiration and bioenergetics, (6) structure and function of cells, (7) membrane and transport, (8) cell–cell interaction, (9) natural products, (10) genomics, systems biology and evolution, and (11) new methodology. Number of black and white figures, colour figures, tables and type and number of supplementary material.

All figures (including those in colour) are printed free of charge. Insert a page break 2 Environmental Engineering Laboratory, JSPP College Kanayama, 234-0001 Japan Corresponding author(s).

Please indicate with an asterisk and include email address (and fax number, if available). These can be used, unnumbered, for registration of nucleotide sequences, if presented, as follows: The nucleotide sequence reported in this paper has been submitted to database with accession numbers accession numbers . Present addresses of authors (if different from heading).

Less than 250 words; provide the necessary background to the work for a non-specialist audience, and include the biological question the study aims to address/hypothesis, a summary of the main findings and conclusions.

Authors should also aim to state the broader biological significance of the work. Include the common name or scientific name, or both, of plant materials. Page 4 and subsequent pages Main body sections should be presented with headings in the following strict order: Introduction – Results – Discussion – Materials and Methods – Funding – Disclosures – Acknowledgments – References – Tables – Legends to figures.

) Note: In the Materials and Methods section, Methods must be comprehensively described such that other laboratories can replicate results and verify claims.

Generally, standard procedures can be referenced, though significant variations should be described. Appropriate experimental design and statistical methods should be applied and described wherever necessary for proper interpretation of data and verification of claims.

All novel materials and the procedures to prepare them should be described in sufficient detail to allow their reproduction. large primer sets or conditions) can be included as supplementary information.

All sources of funding must be disclosed in the Funding section of the paper.

List departmental, governmental, industrial, charitable, philanthropic and/or personal sources of funding used for the studies described in the manuscript. Attribution of these funding sources is preferred.

For research where no source of funding is declared, include the statement ‘This research was carried out without funding’.

The following rules should be followed: The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’ The full official funding agency name should be given, i. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies). Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘ grant number xxxx ’ Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘ grant numbers xxxx, yyyy ’ Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency) Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding, no extra wording like ‘Funding for this work was provided by .

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; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council hfygr667789 ’.

In order to meet funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

In addition, Oxford Journals will deposit all NIH-funded articles in PubMed Central. See Depositing articles in repositories – information for authors for details.

Authors must ensure that manuscripts are clearly indicated as NIH-funded using the guidelines above. As an integral part of the online submission process, corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy.

If the corresponding author is unable to confirm this information on behalf of all co-authors, the authors in question will then be required to submit a completed Conflict of Interest form. Please consider the conflict of interest test: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and you had not declared it? Note: For papers where there are no competing interests, include the statement ‘Conflicts of interest: No conflicts of interest declared’.

A reference list in Harvard style (alphabetical, by authors family name, then chronological).

(1995b) Organic acid metabolism in light-grown radish (Raphanus sativus L. (1994) Kinetic studies of photosynthetic activity in Chlorella. When there are more than six authors, please list only the first six, followed by a comma and "et al.

" Unpublished data and personal communications should not be cited as literature citations, but given in the text in parentheses. 'In press' articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited in References.

Include in the citation the journal in which the 'in press' article will appear and the publication date, if a date is available. If preparing your manuscript with EndNote, be sure to download the latest Plant and Cell Physiology EndNote reference style file (Plant and Cell ), which can be found here.

Do not embed tables – tables submitted as image data cannot be edited.

Number tables consecutively with Arabic numerals. Explanatory material should be given in the table legends and footnotes.

Each table should be prepared on a separate page. Note: Tables that include colours/symbols will processed as figures, and will not be edited.

Figure legends if appropriate, in a list following the references/tables. (Figures must be uploaded additionally as individual graphic files.

) Figures embedded in word cannot be used by the publisher.

Figures should be submitted as single separate image files: either resolution independent EPS files, or high resolution TIFF files. *Note that while there are no space restrictions, we advise authors to write succinctly as excess page charges apply to articles of more than 8 typeset pages (see ‘ACCEPTANCE’>‘Publication Charges’, below), which approximately equates to a maximum of 8,000 words with no more than 8 figures/tables and 50 references for original research papers.

Invited review authors are expected to follow the word count guidelines as given in ‘ARTICLE TYPES’ above. Supporting information/ additional files (if appropriate): Figures – Do not embed figures in the manuscript text document.

Figures should be submitted as single separate image files (see ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION’ above). Supplementary data – prepared and labeled as advised in ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION’ above.

Please use the file designation 'supplementary data'. SUBMISSION All manuscripts and accompanying material to be considered for publication in PCP should be submitted via the journal's online submission system at ScholarOne.

Note that ScholarOne Manuscripts will transition to Amazon Web Services in late May, 2018. Please whitelist the domains of and to ensure uninterrupted service to the manuscript submission and peer-review process.

Full submission instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit.

If you have any queries please contact the Editorial Office: [email protected] Important: Submissions must have been read and approved by all authors. Cover Letter All manuscripts must be submitted with a cover letter, which should state the originality, significance and advancement made by the work in the relevant plant science field.

The cover letter should also include a statement declaring that the manuscript reports unpublished work that it is not under active consideration for publication elsewhere, nor been accepted for publication, nor been published in full or in part (except in abstract form). Authors of Rapid Papers must also justify why their work fulfils the criteria and warrants rapid review.

In addition, if authors are submitting their paper for consideration in a Special Focus Issue (SFI) they should declare which SFI the manuscript is intended for. Authors may also suggest a handling editor and the names and contact details of up to five potential international reviewers, stating the reason for selecting these reviewers in their cover letter.

Authors may also disqualify up to two reviewers – though valid justification is required. Conflict of Interest At the point of submission, PCP’s policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated – including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition. The cover letter; Figures are prepared as above and uploaded as separate image files; Supporting documents (e. supplementary data files, author response to reviewer comments, justification for rapid paper) are uploaded and designated correctly; and The automatically generated PDF proof of your paper is viewable as intended for editors and reviewers. Failure to do so will result in your files being returned to your author centre for correction before further processing. In such cases, you will receive an email indicating the corrections that are required.

Note that submitted files will automatically be converted to PDF proof on the system. In order to prevent faulty conversions caused by the wide variety of special fonts and symbols that are currently in use, embedding fonts before saving a MS Word file is recommended, with the following procedure: (while the document is still open) From the top menu bar, select "Tools" Click on "Options" Check the box "Embed TrueType fonts" (leave the two sub-options unchecked) Click "OK" Tracking Authors may track the progress of their submission at any time during the review process via their author centre at /pcp.

All other queries related to manuscript under consideration can be directed at the editorial office, but be sure to quote the relevant manuscript ID number(s) in all correspondences. Peer review All papers published are subject to peer review.

Papers that are outside the scope of the journal, do not comply with the guidelines below, or are otherwise judged to be unsuitable by EIC or the editors will be rejected without review. Papers meeting the formatting guidelines and journal’s criteria for publication (set out above) will be assigned to a handling Editor.

The Editors will select anonymous reviewers for their competence in specialized areas. On submission of a manuscript, authors may suggest a handling editor and the names and contact details of up to five potential reviewers who have not seen the manuscript before its submission.

The EiC and Editors are not, however, bound by these suggestions. Authors may also request disqualification of up to two possible reviewers with justification.

Corresponding Authors should receive a letter of decision from the Editor together with reports from the reviewers (if available) within two weeks after submission of Rapid Papers, or within one month for other categories. When revision of a manuscript is requested, the author must respond to the comments of the Editor and/or reviewers, indicate which comments have been incorporated in the revision, and give reasons why any comments have been disregarded.

The revised manuscript must be returned within the period assigned by the Editor. A revised manuscript received after this time will be considered a new submission.

Accepted manuscripts are published online within 1 week from acceptance (Publish Ahead of Print: PAP) in PCP Advance Access and will be assigned to the next available print issue. Decision Corresponding authors are informed by email of editorial decisions and any revisions requested.

Editor decisions are usually final and can be any of the following: - Accept without revision - Revision requested - Decline (reject) In cases where the Editor has asked for revisions, the author will be set a specific deadline depending on the level of revision requested, typically<21 days for a provisional accept,<60 days for ‘revision requested’ and<6 months for a ‘decline but encourage resubmission’ decision. If the deadline is not met without good reason, revised manuscripts may be automatically treated as new submissions.

Editors may automatically reject papers if authors do not adequately revise their manuscripts and/or fail to meet the publication standards required. Therefore if authors are in doubt about the type of revisions requested, they should immediately contact the editor or the editorial office for clarification.

Note also that manuscripts rarely go through multiple rounds of resubmission and authors whose papers have been rejected should not resubmit a revised form of their paper to the journal again for further consideration unless encouraged to do so by the handling editor. Any author rebuttals should be written in English, include the manuscript ID in the subject header, and be addressed to the handling Editor/Editor-in-Chief courtesy of the PCP Editorial Office ( [email protected] ).

Preparation of a Revised/Resubmitted Manuscript All revised and resubmitted manuscripts should be prepared carefully according to the formatting requirements, as set out above, and should be revised according to the Editor and/or reviewers’ comments stipulated in the decision letter. For revisions, any text changes should be highlighted in red and a response to the reviewer’s comments should be provided via the online submission form.

For resubmissions, it is not necessary to highlight text changes due to the extensive nature of the revisions requested, however authors should attach a separate ‘response to the reviewer’s comments’ document detailing their point-by-point response and where appropriate the reason(s) why certain points (if any) were not addressed. Further detailed instructions on how to submit a revised manuscript or resubmission are available at /pcp.

When submitting revised manuscript files, be sure to use the correct manuscript stub in ScholarOne, which can be found under the ‘manuscripts with decisions’ tab in the Author Center, and DO NOT ‘create a new submission’. This will ensure that the original handling editor is reassigned and will facilitate assignment of the original reviewers.

If in doubt, please refer any queries to the Editorial Office in the first instance. ACCEPTANCE Authors are notified of article acceptance for publication by a decision e-letter from the Editor.

On acceptance, the final manuscript files will be sent to the publisher for proofing. Copyright It is a condition of publication that authors grant an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press.

This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. As part of the licence agreement, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change.

If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

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Authors are responsible for reading page proofs and correcting typographical errors and should return proofs as directed by the production office to avoid delay in publication.

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0 or above) to e-annotate the PDF copy of their proofs, which can be returned electronically. PCP Advance Access The journal operates a system for the early online publication of accepted papers ahead of print (PAP).

Manuscripts are usually published online within one week after they have been accepted, with updates appearing on a weekly basis. In order to achieve this rapid publication time, the accepted manuscript is published online before copyediting and formatting has been carried out, this version is indicated by the text 'Accepted Manuscript'.

A second copyedited, typeset, corrected version is then also published online ahead of print; this version is indicated by the text 'Corrected Proof'. Appearance in Advance Access constitutes official publication, and the Advance Access version can be cited by a unique doi (digital object identifier).

Both versions of the paper continue to be accessible and citable after the final version is published as part of the issue. Publication charges Article processing charge: JSPP members - £150/$204/€178.

5 / Non-members - £300/$408/€357 Excess page charge*: JSPP members - £100/$136/€119 / Non-members - £200/$272/€238 *Charges apply per page over eight typeset pages. Authors will be invoiced after publication, as appropriate.

Note that JSPP members are eligible for a discount to publish in PCP. To become a JSPP member, please download the membership form or go to for more details.

For authors working in developing countries, other waivers /discounts are granted. Please refer to our Developing Countries List to check countries that are entitled to a waiver/discount.

Invoicing inquiries should be addressed to Ms Elisabeth Waelkens (Production Editor) and emailed to [email protected] Cover Photographs PCP welcomes suitable photographs or illustrations for our cover design each month. Send high-quality original photo files (300-1200dpi original file formats to fit A4 portrait dimensions 297 x 210 mm or 11.

27 inches) to the Editorial office once your manuscript has been accepted for publication.

Note that files greater than 5Mb cannot be emailed to the PCP inbox but should be uploaded to the PCP FTP server (please contact the editorial office for more details). These images should have some connection with the topic of the manuscript.

AUTHOR BENEFITS Open Access Publishing PCP authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement.

As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published by a variety of different Creative Commons licences. PCP authors who wish to publish by Oxford Open can select one of the following choices below.

Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY) Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC) Open Access charges can be paid online using our Author Services site. Here, payment can either be made with a credit/debit card, or authors can request to have an invoice sent to them by email or post.

Normal charge: 1850 GBP / 3000 USD / 2450 EUR Reduced rate developing country charge: 925 GBP / 1500 USD / 1225 EUR Free developing country charge: free of charge Open access charges can be viewed here in detail; discounted rates are available for authors based in some developing countries (click here for a list of qualifying countries). Please note that these charges are in addition to any other charges that may apply.

Author self-archiving/public access policy For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page. Back issues The current plus two back volumes are available from Oxford University Press.

Previous volumes can be obtained from the Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA. Authors are eligible for a 50% discount when purchasing copies of the issue in which their article is published. Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge.

For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.